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Strive to build a rural revitalization model in Ningbo

Release date:2019-09-08Browse times: Size:[ big middle small ]

A bumper field in Fenghua Xiwu. (Photo by Zhou Sicong)

On September 4th, the Municipal Government Information Office held the seventh press conference for the celebration of the 70th anniversary of the founding of New China, and reviewed and summarized the achievements of Ningbo's “three rural issues” in the past 70 years.

In the 70 years of reform, innovation and hard work, the outlook of Ningbo's agricultural and rural areas has undergone radical changes. The industrious, wise and self-reliant Ningbo peasants have created one glory after another with the spirit of being bold and striving for the future. They have embarked on a road of "three rural" development that is in line with Chinese characteristics, rich in the characteristics of the times and has the quality of Ningbo.

"We have achieved a historic leap from inadequate food and clothing to comprehensive well-off, from self-protection to social security, from people's poor livelihood to rural revitalization, and achieved strong agriculture, rural beauty, and peasant wealth."  The person in charge of the Municipal Agricultural Office, Bureau of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said at the press conference that the city has been at the forefront of the province and even the whole country in the areas of modern agricultural development, beautiful rural construction, rural governance, and reform of the rural collective property rights system. Ningbo has made great contribution for the city's economic development, social stability and overall progress.

Agricultural comprehensive production capacity increases sharply

From grain-oriented to diversified operations and coordinated development of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery, agricultural production has undergone tremendous changes.

The grain production has increased steadily, and the grain yield per mu has increased from 105 kilograms in 1949 to 417 kilograms in 2018, four times that of the early days of the founding of New China.

The “vegetable basket” products are continuously enriched, and the output of oil, fruit, tea, meat and aquatic products has increased geometrically.  

Especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the city has deepened the structural reform of the supply side of agriculture, vigorously implemented the “Ten Actions” of agriculture, and built a number of green and high-quality breeding bases of rice, high-efficiency economic crops, characteristic animal husbandry, and high-end aquatic products. The breeding bases have cultivated ten leading agricultural industries such as rice, vegetables, aquatic products, animal husbandry, tea, fruits, bamboo shoots, flower seedlings, edible fungi and Chinese herbal medicines. The leading industrial output value accounts for over 80%. The development of modern seed industry ranks first in the province.

A profound change in the way of agricultural development.

From traditional agriculture to efficient ecological agriculture to green urban agriculture, the agricultural development mode has achieved a historic leap.

The level of agricultural material technology and equipment has increased significantly.  

In 2018, the contribution rate of agricultural science and technology progress in the city reached 65.0%, and the comprehensive mechanization rate of major crop cultivation and harvest reached 89.5%, ranking first in the province. The traditional manual farming has basically become history.  

The farmland infrastructure is constantly improving. The city's existing high standard farmland is 1.94 million mu, accounting for 55.2% of the city's cultivated land; Ningbo has taken the lead in implementing the construction of grain production functional zones in the country, and 412 grain production functional zones have been built, with an area of 80,800 mu.

The rapid development of “Internet + Agriculture” has solidly promoted the construction of a smart agricultural cloud platform, and information technology is becoming a new driving force for modern agricultural development.

Especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the city has highlighted the theme of quality agriculture, green agriculture, and brand strong farmers. Agriculture is gradually shifting from increasing production to improving quality and efficiency. The whole city has become the National Modern Agriculture Demonstration Zone, the National Safe Agricultural Machinery Demonstration City, and the National Agricultural Product Quality and Safety City. The comprehensive evaluation of agricultural modernization development scored 90.32 points, ranking second in the province and taking the lead in basically achieving the stage of agricultural modernization. There are 1,391 “three brands and one standard” agricultural products in the city with pollution-free agricultural products, green foods and organic foods, accounting for 59.5% of edible agricultural products; the pass rate of agricultural products has remained above 98% for five consecutive years, and it has shown a stable and good trend; There are 360 famous brand agricultural products at or above the city level, and a large number of characteristics regional brands such as Yuyao Mustard, Yinzhou Salted Vegetable, Haishu Rush, Ningbo Rex, Zhedong White Goose, Ninghai Chicken, Cixi Honey Pear, Xiangshan Red Beauty Citrus, Fenghua Honey Peach, etc.

Significantly enhanced vitality in agricultural development

From collective management to household contract management and then to agricultural industrialization, agricultural management has achieved a historic transformation.

The total agricultural economy continues to expand. The total output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery in the city increased from 323 million yuan in 1949 to 48.03 billion yuan in 2018, 148.7 times that of the early days of the founding of New China.  

The agricultural management system has been continuously improved. There are 283 leading agricultural enterprises at the municipal level and above, 2,610 farmer cooperatives, 4,728 family farms, more than 1,000 agricultural social service organizations, and more than 186,000 rural practical talents. The new agricultural management entities have gradually become the new force in modern agricultural construction.

The level of agricultural opening up has been continuously improved. In 2018, the total import and export value of agricultural and sideline products in the city was 5.886 billion US dollars, and the products were exported to Japan, Southeast Asia, the European Union, the United States and other countries and regions.

Especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, through the vigorous development of the construction of a green urban agriculture city characterized by “high-quality and efficient, high-quality products, green ecology, beautiful pastoral, industrial integration, health and wellness”, and the integration of first, second and third rural industries,1 modern agricultural industrial park, 8 provincial-level modern agricultural parks, 15 provincial-level agricultural strong towns, and 10 provincial-level demonstration agricultural industrial chains with an annual output value of more than 1 billion yuan have been established; the agricultural product processing rate reached 68.7%. The ratio of the output value of agricultural products processing industry to the total agricultural output value reached 3.6:1; the total output value of leisure agriculture and rural tourism was 6.15 billion yuan, maintaining a growth rate of more than 20% for 12 consecutive years.

The vicissitudes of the countryside

The rural production and living conditions and the living environment have been improving day by day, and the rural appearance has realized a huge transformation from traditional villages to beautiful villages in the new era. 

Rural infrastructure is constantly improving. The province took the lead in completing the “village to village” project of grade highways. The total length of rural roads reached 9882 kilometers, accounting for 88.4% of the total road mileage of the city; the tap water popularization rate in rural areas reached 100%, and the city's six districts took the lead in realizing the whole region's urban and rural areas net water supply; 4G base station realizes full coverage of the established villages.

The development of rural social undertakings has accelerated. The social security of farmers has grown from scratch, and Ningbo has taken the lead in the province in realizing the integration of urban and rural areas, such as subsistence allowances, basic old-age care, and medical insurance systems. There are 2,346 villages in the city with home care centers, with coverage rate of 94.4%, rural kindergartens reaching 87%, and farmers participating in urban and rural medical insurance accounting for 99.4%. 

Especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the city has vigorously promoted the construction of beautiful villages, and the village has taken a new look. The city has created 3 provincial-level beautiful rural demonstration counties, 30 municipal-level demonstration townships, 86 demonstration villages, 896 qualified villages, and 31 scenic spot routes.  Ningbo has comprehensively promoted the “three revolutions” of rural garbage, sewage and toilets, and the rural living environment will continue to improve. 2232 villages in the city built domestic sewage treatment facilities, and basically achieved full coverage; 1879 villages completed the classification and treatment of domestic waste, with a coverage rate of 75.6%; 6190 rural public toilets were upgraded, and the rural toilets coverage rate reached 99.4%.

The living standards of farmers are constantly improving.

The peasant life has achieved a huge transition from poverty to adequate food and clothing to a comprehensive well-off society.

The income of farmers in the city continues to grow. In 2018, the per capita disposable income of rural residents in the city was 33,633 yuan, 622.8 times that of 1956.  

The per capita disposable income of urban and rural residents is more than the average of the province, and farmers' income sources are increasingly diversified.   

In 2018, among the per capita disposable income of farmers, wage income reached 20,922 yuan, accounting for 62.2%, and net operating income reached 7,587 yuan, accounting for 22.6%. Wage income and operating income became the main source of farmers' income. 

With the increase in income, the consumption level of rural residents has increased significantly. The per capita living expenditure of rural residents in the city increased from 183 yuan in 1980 to 21,248 yuan in 2018, with an average annual increase of 12.8%; rural households have 34 cars and 58 home computers per 100 households.  

Especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the city has focused on helping and promoting work, vigorously implementing “16+3” village renovation, downhill immigration, and counterpart assistance in the region, effectively promoting the income increase of low-income farmers. The city has completed a total of 347 village rectifications and 1,1968 immigrant households. In 2018, the per capita disposable income of low-income farmers in the city reached 12,841 yuan, a year-on-year increase of 14.3%, an increase of 90.3% over 2012.  At the same time, the rural collective economy has continued to grow. In 2018, the collective economic income of all villages in the city was above 200,000 yuan, the collective assets of the village community reached 97 billion yuan, the total income reached 7.8 billion yuan, and the villages averaged 2.768 million yuan.

The rural governance system is constantly improving.

The rural grassroots organizations and the rural governance system have been continuously improved, realizing a historic transformation from being the master of the people to villagers being the master of the village.

The construction of rural grassroots organizations with the core of the party branch has been continuously strengthened, and the cohesiveness, appeal and combat effectiveness of grassroots party organizations have been strengthened. At present, the city has a total of 2,498 village-level party organizations, 119,000 rural party members, and the rural party organization's general elections have implemented "two recommendations and one election."  

The rural work instructor system was implemented in depth. A total of more than 35,700 instructors were selected to achieve full coverage of the cadres in the village.

The construction of rural grassroots democratic politics with villagers’ self-government as the core has been continuously developed and perfected. The direct election of village committees has been fully implemented, and the transition from the appointment system to the election system and from indirect elections to direct elections has been realized. 

Especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, through vigorously promoting the innovation of the grassroots governance system, the city has explored the model of grassroots governance: regional party building, social participation, flat command, grid management, and information support”. The city has established more than 12,000 grassroots governance grids and more than 40,000 grid members. Xiangshan County’s “villagers’talk” and Ninghai County’s small micro-power list 36 were selected into the first batch of 20 typical cases of rural governance in China. Recently, the National Conference on Strengthening the Construction of Rural Governance System was held in our city. The experience of rural governance in Ningbo was fully affirmed by the central and ministerial and provincial leaders.